Do Federal Officials, Such as Congress and the President, Pay Into Social Security?

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Almost everyone, including U.S. senators and members of the House of Representatives, presidents, vice presidents, and federal judges, contributes to Social Security through taxes (and all other federal government officials and employees). However, this was not always the case.

According to AARP, the Social Security Act of 1935 excluded “services performed in the employ of the United States Government” from positions where employees contributed to the system and received benefits. This indicates that no Social Security taxes were deducted from the pay of members of Congress.

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Although Congress voted in the 1940s to join the Civil Service Retirement System (CSRS) and have a portion of their pay deducted to fund annuities, AARP notes that the Social Security program was not revised to prevent a funding shortfall until the 1980s.

As a result of the Social Security Amendments of 1983, federal employees are now covered by Social Security. Congress, the president, and other federal officials and employees began paying Social Security taxes under this law on January 1, 1984, according to AARP.

According to the Social Security Administration (SSA), transitional regulations included:

Executive and judicial employees hired before January 1, 1984, had the option of switching to the Social Security system or remaining on the CSRS system.

Social Security coverage was required for legislative branch employees who did not participate in the CSRS system. Civil service employees had the same options as their counterparts in the executive and judicial branches.

Coverage under Social Security is required for all federal employees hired on or after January 1, 1984.

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According to the Social Security Administration, certain federal employees hired prior to January 1, 1984 remain uninsured.

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